One-third of food produced in North America depends on pollination by honey bees, including nearly 95 varieties of fruits and other foods of high nutritional value to all of Illinois's citizens. Over the past several years, documented incidents of colony collapse disorder and excessive honey bee mortality have been at a record high, with some beekeepers losing large portions of their operations and suffering reduced production of their valuable honey. Illinois saw a dramatic 62.4% loss of honey bee colonies in 2014-2015.
Scientists have linked the systemic use of neonicotinoid insecticides to the rapid decline of honey bees. The Saving Illinois's Pollinators Act (HB613/SB673) will make it unlawful to apply any neonicotinoid insecticides on any public lands owned or maintained by Illinois, and outdoor residential settings, including landscaping, ornamental, or other outdoor applications in Illinois.